Australian approved name (AAN): Nicotinic acid
Common names and synonyms: Nicotinic acid anhydrous; Niacin; Vitamin B3; Pyridine-3-carboxylic acid.
Molecular formula: C6H5N2O
Molecular weight: 121.12
RDI of Vitamin B3 as per NHMRC:
Infants – 0-6 months – 2mg/day (AI)
Infants – 7-12 months – 4mg/day (AI)
Children – 1-3 years – 6mg/day
Children – 4-8 years – 8mg/day
Children – 9-13 years – 12mg/day
Boys – 14-18 years – 16mg/day
Girls – 14-18 years – 14mg/day
Men – 16mg/day
Women – 14mg/day
Pregnancy – 18mg/day
Lactation – 17mg/day
Maximum daily dose: 100mg
Warnings and restrictions: The medicine must contain no more than 100 mg of nicotinic acid per dosage unit (Schedule 3 when for human therapeutic use in divided preparations containing 250 mg or less of nicotinic acid per dosage unit).
VIT – Vitamins can only be of assistance if the dietary vitamin intake is inadequate. OR Vitamin supplements should not replace a balanced diet.
Allowable purpose of the ingredient: Active. Excipient
TGA reference: British Pharmacopoeia